If fresh vegetables are what your heart yearns for, then setting up your own vegetable garden is a step in the right direction
Being able to grow vegetables on your own is both a fun as well as rewarding experience. All one needs to get started on their personal vegetable garden is some decent soil coupled with a few plants of their choice. One of the first things to keep in mind while setting up a backyard vegetable garden is to use only organic manure for growing the plants, instead of going for harmful chemicals which would end up corroding the soil and plants in the long run.
Here are a few important steps that would guide anyone who wishes to have a vegetable patch in their backyard or their front garden, as per the availability.
Making efficient use of space: While going for a small vegetable patch in the front yard or the backyard, it is imperative that one thinks about making the most out of whatever little space is made available to them. However, having said this, it is also important to see whether the location that one has chosen is actually right for having a portable garden, i.e. checking whether the particular patch receives enough sunlight, is well protected from frost and wind, and is in close proximity to the required level of water. If any of these factors do not add up, having the patch will end up being a futile exercise in a matter of time. If one is a beginner, then having raised beds in the garden plot is a good idea because it is much easier to manage than normal beds.
Getting rid of rows: It is a tested and proven fact that in order to maximize space in a small backyard garden, one needs to adopt the traditional row planting method of having 3- or 4-foot-wide raised beds in their garden patch. Single rows are efficient when doing large scale farming, but the method fails to impress when it comes to backyard vegetable patches. In a home-sized garden, the fewer the rows, the more area is available for growing vegetation. Having smaller rows also means that people can grow seasonal vegetables like asparagus, berries, rhubarb, etc. in the extra space newly available to them. Additional benefits of having a raised-bed system in your garden are:
- Minimum effort to be put in raising the crops planted, because raised beds lead to less watering, mulching and weeding, i.e. less drudgery in the garden patch
- Raised beds decrease the area for paths, and therefore more soil comes under actual cultivation that what would generally go into making paths. This in turn leads to more crops and better soil retention as opposed to an increase soil compaction.
Growing up, not out: After intensive planting, trellising is the next best way to utilize the household garden effectively. Having a trellis even before planting crops like peas, tomatoes or melons is a wise decision that every individual having a household garden should make, as this helps the plants grow in a vertical manner instead of horizontal manner, which in turn opens up extra space for other crops to be planted and grown. A trellis can be made out of either a wooden fence or a metal one, depending entirely upon the gardener’s discretion.
Keeping the crops moving: Having crop rotation in the vegetable garden is an absolutely fantastic idea, because it ensures that the same garden vegetables do not end up depleting the soil of the same nutrients year after year. Crop rotation generally means that the vegetables planted in a certain spot of the garden should be changed every three years, so that the soil gets to have a healthy balance between giving out nutrients and retaining them. To go for crop rotation, a proper plan of action is needed from the very beginning, so that the people tending to the garden have a clear idea about what to expect from their garden patch.
Apart from the tips mentioned above, people planning to start their own backyard garden should also keep in mind that in order to have a flourishing vegetable garden in their homes, they have to keep a continuous harvest so that the soil can retain its fertility power, as well as keep proper records of the garden and what kind of crops are being planted/have already been planted to ensure there is maximum utilization of the garden space.